Sometimes referred to as: High blood pressure
Hypertension is the medical term for abnormally high arterial blood pressure.
There are between 72 and 103 million American adults with high blood pressure, depending on how we chose to define hypertension.
As many as 1 in 5 adults with hypertension are not aware that they have it.
Hypertension is the primary or secondary cause of about 15% of all deaths in America. It is linked to some 635,000 annual deaths due to heart disease, and 142,000 annual deaths due to stroke.
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, will occur when there is excessive cardiac work, or excessive vascular resistance.
Blood pressure is the product of cardiac output and vascular resistance. If the heart is pumping too hard or too fast, the cardiac output will go up. If the blood vessels throughout the body cannot dilate and relax to accept this increased blood flow, vascular resistance will go up.
It helps to visualize basic cardiac physiology and the peripheral vascular system (the pump and the pipes), to better understand how this works.
Andrew Cunningham, MD and V. Ted Leon, MD MPH are both members of the Galileo Clinical Team. Connect with one of our physicians about Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) or any of the many other conditions we treat.Join Today